Sunday, August 30, 2015

Terms of the Day for August 31

  • Motif – A decorative design or pattern or distinctive feature or dominant idea in an artistic or literary composition
  • Kenyalang – a traditional carved and painted wooden figure representing a hornbill.  In Southeast Asian cultures, the hornbill is emblematic of the upper realm, masculinity, and warrior skill.
  • Pua Kumbu – (poo-AH koom-BOO) a traditional patterned multicolored ceremonial cotton cloth used by the Iban culture, made and used in Sarawak, Malaysia. They are woven by women and are considered to be sacred objects. They are used for lifecycle rituals, special events, and funerals.
  • Tampan – a small, rectangular cloth used in areas of Southern Sumatra in Indonesia usually designed using a ship motif. They were used in transitional ceremonies, such as weddings, births, and funerals; the ship is said to signify transition and act as security during these transitory times.
  • Adu Zatua – (AH-doo SAHT-yoo) a wooden figure representing an ancestor.  The adu zatua is usually carved upon the death of the individual and emphasizes the person’s rank in society.
  • Tau-tau – meaning “man-statue”, a type of effigy made of wood or bamboo.  The effigy represents a deceased loved one and is clothed and maintained in memory of the deceased.

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