Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Slide Images for October 28

 The Scottsboro Boys, with attorney Samuel Leibowitz, under guard by the state militia, 1932

 Ruby Bates & Victoria Price in 1931

 The crowd gathered outside the Scottsboro courthouse on April 6, 1931

 Protestors in Washington, D.C.

Ernest Crichlow

Edward Burra

 Havana Citizen
Walker Evans

 The Brown Bomber
Robert Riggs

 Book Jacket for The Negro Wage Earner
James Lesesne Wells

 Mending Socks
Archibald Motley, Jr.

 The Old Snuff Dipper
Archibald Motley, Jr.

Octoroon Girl
Archibald Motley, Jr.

Terms of the Day for October 28

  • Jim Crow Laws – state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy.
  • Proletariat – a term used to identify the working class in capitalist systems.  Members of this class do not have ownership of the means of production and therefore sell their labor to those who do.
  • Capitalism –  an economic system that is based on private ownership of the means of production and the creation of goods or services for profit. Other central elements include competitive markets, wage labor and capital accumulation.
  • Communism –  established by Karl Marx, a revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless, and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of the means of production. The movement claims that since the world has a superabundance of material wealth, societies can allow distribution based on need and social relations  based on freely associated individuals.

Monday, October 26, 2015

Slide Images for October 26

 Bread Line in Louisville, Kentucky
Margaret Bourke-White

 Twenty Cent Movie
Reginald Marsh

 Lord, Heal the Child
Thomas Hart Benton

 Breaking the Prairie Sod
Grant Wood

 The Evolution of Negro Dance
Aaron Douglas
Harlem YMCA

 Panel from Modern Medicine
Charles Alston
Harlem Hospital

 Harlem Hospital Center Murals
Various Harlem Renaissance Artists

 Between Acts
Archibald Motley, Jr.

Archibald Motley, Jr.

 Nous Quatre a Paris (We Four in Paris)
Palmer Hayden
c. 1930

Midsummer Night in Harlem 
Palmer Hayden

Terms of the Day for October 26

  • The Great Depression – a decade of high unemployment, poverty, low profits, deflation, plunging farm incomes, and lost opportunities for economic growth and personal advancement which followed the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and eventually spread worldwide.
  • The New Deal – a  series of economic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1936 in response to the Great Depression and focused on what historians call the "3 Rs": Relief, Recovery, and Reform. That is, Relief for the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels; and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) – the largest and most ambitious New Deal agency, employing millions of unskilled workers to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads.
  • Federal Art Programs (FAP) – was the visual arts arm of the Great Depression-era New Deal Works Progress Administration program in the United States.  It’s primary goals were to employ out-of-work artists and to provide art for non-federal government buildings: schools, hospitals, libraries, etc.